On July 20, 2019, @shane0911 creates the "This Day In History" thread! On July 20, 1969, the national mission proposed by President Kennedy in May 1961 - "I believe this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to Earth” - is seen to fruition: the lunar module (LEM) Eagle, with Apollo 11 mission commander Neil Armstrong and LEM pilot Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin aboard, set down on the Sea of Tranquility on the moon. A computer navigation error nearly caused Eagle to set down in a rocky crater, and some smooth maneuvering by Armstrong redirected the LEM clear, setting it down with less than 50 seconds of fuel remaining. An hour later, first Armstrong and then Aldrin exit Eagle and spend a little over two hours walking the moon's surface, planting a U.S. flag, collecting rocks, completing a few basic experiments and speaking by radio to President Nixon from the Oval Office. On July 20, 2012, James Holmes sneaks in the back door of theater 9 of the Century 16 Multiplex in Aurora, CO, where a midnight premiere of The Dark Knight Rises is about to begin. Holmes is wearing all black clothing and a gas mask, and witnesses would say they thought Holmes was in costume to celebrate the opening of the new Batman film, and didn't even become alarmed when Holmes started throwing gas canisters. But Holmes then produces guns and begins firing randomly into the audience. When he's done, 12 are dead—the youngest a 6-year-old girl—and at least 70 are injured. Holmes would surrender without a fight when police arrive; he's currently serving 12 consecutive life sentences. On July 20, 1881, Sioux leader Sitting Bull surrenders to the U.S. Army, which promised amnesty for his role in the 1876 massacre at Little Bighorn (Sitting Bull had not participated, but was considered a "spiritual leader" in inspiring others to fight). He would spend 2 years imprisoned at Fort Randall in the South Dakota territory, and then was relocated to Standing Rock reservation, where he lived until being killed in an insurrection in 1890.