2nd anniversary of this thread! On July 20, 1944, Adolph Hitler survives an assassination attempt. Several weeks earlier, a number of high ranking officials came to the conclusion that the only way for Germany to survive the war was to kill Hitler and overthrow the government. Conspirator and chief of the army reserve, Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg, was chosen to carry out the assassination, by planting a bomb hidden in a briefcase at the Rastenburg command post where Hitler would hold a strategy meeting. He planted the bomb and withdrew, to join the conspirators who would launch the coup d'etat that same day. But moments before the bomb went off, a staff member moved the briefcase out of the way. Though four were killed when the bomb exploded, Hitler survived with minor burns. He met with Mussolini as scheduled that afternoon and even showed him the damaged conference room. Meanwhile, Stauffenberg and another conspirator were apprehended and shot before day's end. On July 20, 1948, President Harry Truman initiates a peacetime military draft. Over the next two months, 10 million eligible American men will be required to register with Selective Services. Since the end of WWII, the total manpower of the U.S. military had been reduced from 16 million to just over half a million. Truman was concerned that America would be woefully unprepared if the Cold War with the Soviet Union were to suddenly heat up. The Selective Service Act of 1948 would require all men between the ages of 18 and 26 to register; those selected were subject to 21 months' active duty, followed by five years in the reserves. Mandatory induction via the draft was suspended in 1973, and the draft done away with altogether in 1975.